How to Close An Above Ground Pool in 6 Steps
- Matt Giovanisci
Labor Day has passed and for pool owners that means closing down the pool for the fall and winter seasons.
As depressing as it may be, it doesn’t have to be hard and take an entire Saturday or Sunday to do. With a little help and the proper know-how, you can successfully close down your above ground swimming pool in a matter of hours.
Let’s get started!
What You’ll Need:
- Pool cover (for oval or round pools)
- Cover winch and cable
- Cover clips (highly recommended)
- Water bags (if you have a walk around deck)
- Air pillow (a must have for all above ground pools!)
- Return plugs (rubber or plastic)
- Winter skimmer cover
- Winter chemical kit
- WinterPill (helps to keep the pool clear all winter — it’s not needed but I recommend it)
1. Test and Clean The Water
Before you begin closing your pool, get the water tested – at your local pool store or using your own test strips – to make sure the pool is properly balanced.
You want to make sure that your pool’s pH is between 7.4 and 7.6, and the alkalinity is between 100 and 150ppm. It’s better to be on the high side of these ranges when closing the pool.
Also, before you start adding any winter chemicals, be sure your pool is as clean as possible. That mean, vacuuming the entire pool, brushing down the walls, and skimming the surface.
2. Add The Winter Chemicals
If you have a winter chemical kit, just add everything based on the directions.
If you don’t have a kit, shock the pool with chlorine shock and add the recommended amount of winter algaecide based on the back of the bottle for your size pool.
Since you are closing the pool, you can use a 15-minute fast-dissolving shock before you put the cover on instead of using a typical calcium hypochlorite shock that will take 8 hours. If you decide to use standard shock, just make sure you add it to the pool the night before you want to close it.
NOTE: Some winter chemical kits don’t require you to run the filter when adding them. Make sure you check the directions to see which type of kit you have. If your kit doesn’t require your filter and pump to be running, you can save this step right before you put the cover on.
BONUS: I recommended using a WinterPill earlier. While this is not absolutely necessary, it’s adds a little bit of insurance. This product will help ensure you open up to a clear pool in the spring. Plus, it’s super easy to use: just pop a hole in it and toss it in the water — you’re done.
3. Plug It Up
Remove the eyeball fitting on your return line and plug it up with a rubber plug with a wingnut.
On the skimmer, remove the basket (store away for the winter). If you want, you can use a winter skimmer cover. Winter skimmer covers are plates that cover the entire skimmer. By using one of these, you won’t have to drain the pool below the skimmer, which can come in handy.
If you don’t want to use one of these, just make sure the skimmer can drain out water if it rains. Do not plug up the bottom of the skimmer.
NOTE: If water fills up in your empty skimmer over the winter and then freezes, it can cause your skimmer to crack. Also, if snow or an obscene amount of water fills up, the weight could be bad for you skimmer wall.
4. Winterize The Filter and Pump
Completely remove all drain plugs to drain and remove the pump, chlorinator (if you have one), and all the hoses. Store all the drain plugs (including the ones from the filter) in the pump basket so that you keep them all together and you wont loose them. Keep the pump, chlorinator and hoses indoors to prolong their lives.
If you have a sand filter, set your multiport valve to Winterize and remove the drain plug at the bottom, letting the filter completely drain out. If your multiport valve has a bleeder valve and at a sight glass, remove those too and store them in the pump basket.
If you have a D.E. filter, drain it, rinse off the grids (or fingers) with a hose to get all the excess D.E. off, and leave the valves open.
If you have a cartridge filter, drain it, rinse off the cartridge with a hose, store the cartridge indoors for the winter, and leave the valves open.
After you’ve disconnected your filter and pump system, you should store all your equipment indoors. This includes your filter, pump, chlorinator, heater, and any other equipment you might have. If you have a sand filter, this can be a difficult piece to move indoors because of the weight of the sand. If you want to leave it outside, just make sure all the drain plugs are removed. That way, if water or condensation builds up inside the tank and freezes, it won’t crack the filter tank.
Other filters, such as D.E. and cartridge, should be light enough to store indoors.
5. Drain It And Add The Air Pillow
At this time, drain the pool about 4 inches below the skimmer unless you are using a winter skimmer cover.
This is also a good time to remove the ladder or any other equipment you have in the pool.
NOTE: It honestly doesn’t matter if the pillow stays in the middle of your pool all winter because the reason above ground pool owners use an air pillow is to prevent the sides from bearing the pressure when the water turns to ice and expands. It’s not needed but it’s highly recommended!
6. Put The Cover On
I recommend using a combination of winter cover clips and a cable and winch. If you have a walk around deck. I recommend also using water bags (not bricks or anything that could damage your liner if it fell into the pool).
Make sure that throughout the winter you keep an eye on your cover and try to keep the cover relatively dry. We recommend buying a small sump pump in order to keep good care of your winter cover.
Happy Swimming! Happy Closing!